Bayesian Estimation for a Mortality Model via the Aging Process
Ponente(s): Luz Judith Rodríguez Esparza, Fernando Baltazar Larios
We propose a method for estimating the parameters of the aging process in order to construct mortality tables when the data is a discrete time sample of the chronological age, while no direct observations of the aging process are available. Here, the aging process is modelled through a Markov jump process with finite state space and a single absorbing state. The non-absorbing states represent the physiological ages and the absorbing state the death, so the time until death follows a phase-type distribution. A Bayesian approach has been considered, specifically a Gibbs sampler method, as part of the algorithm, we use an alternative of the uniformization method applied to Markov bridges. A simulation-based analysis has been carried out to validate the approach. Moreover, the proposed estimation algorithm has been applied to analyze two types of records of mortality real data and to construct the corresponding mortality tables, which are compared with the observed mortality.